Hillsborough River: Country Cradle
Birthplace of Canadian Confederation
By the 1860s, the maritime colonies and the British government
felt that union of these colonies could be beneficial. It was
agreed that colonial delegates would meet in Charlottetown,
situated at the mouth of the Hillsborough River, in September
of 1864 to discuss the issue.
When they learned about the plan for this meeting, some political
leaders from Canada East and Canada West, which had been united
in 1841 as the Province of Canada, asked to attend.
The Canadians arrived in Charlottetown on the steamship, Queen
Victoria. The residents of Charlottetown paid them little attention.
Charlottetown was much more interested in a visiting circus
that had arrived in town for a short stay.
The Canadians argued in favour of a large union of all the
British colonies in North America. Their arguments of improved
prosperity and security for everyone were so convincing that
the idea of Maritime union was abandoned.
The Charlottetown delegates agreed to meet again in Quebec
City on October 10, 1864. It was in Quebec City that details
of the Canadian Confederation were actually hammered out. The
concept of Confederation, however, was certainly developed
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