Canadian Geographic Education
geographic engagement
among Canadians

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Lesson Plans

Canadian Geographic Education is pleased to offer teachers ready-to-use lesson plans. These lesson plans were written by qualified Can Geo Education teachers and are available for the appropriate curriculum within each provincial and territorial jurisdiction. They all reference Can Geo Education published Canadian Standards for Geography and the Scope and Sequence Chart. Can Geo Education plans to add to this collection of lesson plans yearly so that teachers will have a growing source of ideas to draw from.

Click here to search all of the lesson plans

Climate Change Infographics
Climate change affects so much more than just ice caps — it touches everything from our beautiful natural landscapes and rich wildlife, to complex industrial processes and urban infrastructure. The changes that are wrought on Canada’s environment ripple out to every living organism. The following infographics, based on two reports from Natural Resources Canada, offer a way to unravel the complex issue of climate change.

Flight Path of Heroes Aerial Photography Kit
Have you ever wondered how the military made such accurate maps during the First World War? Loads and loads of pictures taken from the sky! As part of the A Nation Soars project, the Can Geo Education team has created a set of kits so that your class can get hands-on experience exploring aerial photography. These learning materials will provide teachers with the tools to facilitate cartography lessons with the guidance of famous cartographer Chris Brackley. Students will discover the important role cartography played in winning the war and learn how to make their very own maps.

Fieldwork Guide
The purpose of fieldwork is not just to map out vegetation or a walking route, or to do a survey of the number of cars on the road. To reach meaningful outcomes, fieldwork uses observation, primary data, and outdoor experiences to facilitate authentic, real world learning. Students exercise their spatial thinking skills and practice collecting and representing data. Fieldwork gets students outside into different environments and encourages them to look at these environments from various geographical perspectives. Fieldwork can be conducted in a single class period or extended over a whole term; it can be as simple or complex as you require. Fieldwork is about helping students observe and analyze the human and physical environment around them; it does not matter if you are in an urban or rural setting, a lush or dry environment. This guide can help you explore fieldwork topics and provide points to consider in setting up or conducting your fieldwork activities.

The Great Trail
Canada is blessed with unparalleled geographical beauty. From the Avalon Peninsula on the island of Newfoundland to the Nicholson Peninsula in the Northwest Territories, and everywhere in between, we are presented with countless opportunities to connect with nature and learn from our surrounding environment. Right now, there is a grassroots movement in Canada to profile its human and natural elements by way of citizen science projects that focus on the collection, analysis and dissemination of data. This data is invaluable to researchers studying human-environment interactions, but also to Canadian citizens concerned with the protection and preservation of Canadian nature and wildlife.

Into The Arctic
Into The Arctic is a comprehensive teacher’s guide created in partnership with explorer, artist, filmmaker, and RCGS Fellow Cory Trépanier. Featuring seven learning modules focused on the geography of Canada’s North, this comprehensive teacher’s guide is developed from Trépanier’s Into the Arcticfilm trilogy, travels, and stunning paintings.

Mapping Electoral Districts
Elections are place-based and land-based. People vote for a representative in a particular electoral district. In order for elections to be fair, careful consideration is given to both human and physical geography in determining the boundaries of electoral districts. In this activity, students will consider the concept of fairness and map electoral boundaries on an imaginary country, making their electoral districts as fair as possible; interpret maps and analyze demographic and geographic information to consider the distinction between equality and equity; and learn about the real process for determining federal electoral districts in Canada.

Can Geo in the Classroom
The Royal Canadian Geographical Society has partnered with 3M to create classroom activities connected to 3M’s infographic displayed in each issue of Canadian Geographic.

Charting Change
Canadian Geographic and the International Development Research Centre have teamed up to highlight some of the amazing work being done by Canadians in developing nations around the world.

Each month a new blog will be posted with an educational workbook for you to use in your class.

2014 Victoria Strait Expedition
The 2014 Victoria Strait Expedition sought to solve one of the world’s greatest mysteries — what happened to Sir John Franklin, his crew and ships when the 1845 British Arctic Expedition ended in tragedy? Teachers in grades 4 to 8 can learn about the expedition through various lenses, from science and technology to geography with learning inquiries, videos, maps and a timeline.
Arctic Imperative Lessons
With the generous support of Dr. Grant, Canadian Geographic Education created this resource, Arctic Imperative: Education Resources for Canadian Schools, to help secondary school teachers and students to explore the Arctic through the lenses of identity, sovereignty, climate change and governance. Each lesson contains a passage from Grant’s Polar Imperative as well as maps and other primary and secondary source materials.
First World War First World War tiled map
The First World War (FWW) affected the lives of millions of Canadians and 100 years later the changes it wrought across Canada are still being felt. Canadian Geographic (CG) Education, with the support of Parks Canada, has created this educational package to help your students understand the impact and influence of the FWW on Canada.
Energy lesson plans Classroom Inquiries: Canada’s Energy Resources and Reserves
It is indisputable that Canada is an energy-rich nation. With global energy demand on the rise, it is critical that young Canadians understand where our energy comes from and how it is used.

International Development lesson plans International Development lesson plans
A series of 26 lesson plans geared to provincial and territorial curricula are now available online related to the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). The lesson plans are aimed at Grades 6-8, and/or Grades 9-12 and include specific teacher and student activities/hand-outs.

Coppermine 2012 Expedition lesson plans The Coppermine 2012 Expedition
The primary purpose of The Coppermine 2012 Expedition was to develop educational materials that bring the journey into Canadian classrooms, contributing in a positive manner to the understanding and appreciation of Northern Canada through various forms of media, such as film and photography.

The educational lesson plans (downloadable PDFs) are meant to expand our appreciation of the geography and knowledge of this remote region of Canadian wilderness, encouraging thoughtful debate and discussion on both environmental and economic themes. Students and teachers will be able to explore the route and find a range of materials appropriate to their grade level.

The Canadian North: Life and Land lesson plans The Canadian North: Life and Land lesson plans
To mark International Polar Year (IPY), Can Geo Education, in collaboration with the Canadian Polar Commission, has developed a set of bilingual lesson plans on Canada's North for elementary, intermediate and secondary levels. A global scientific initiative, IPY (2007-09) aims to engender the next generation of polar scientists. In support of that aim, these lesson plans are certain to kindle an interest in the study of the Canadian North, its human and physical geography, and its past, present and future challenges. They offer teachers and students intriguing opportunities to explore and discover Northern issues from climate change and resource industries to transportation and Inuit settlement.
Oceans for Life lesson plans Oceans for Life lesson plans
A collection of 39 lesson plans for elementary, intermediate and secondary levels have been developed based on the National Geographic Society (NGS) Oceans for Life Scope and Sequence brochure. As Gilbert Grosvenor, chairman of the National Geographic Society says, "The oceans belong to everyone. Teachers are the greatest natural resource we have on planet Earth; they are the ones who will ultimately save our oceans". 

Migration: The Human Journey lesson plans Migration: The Human Journey lesson plans
For centuries people have migrated to and throughout Canada, bringing their cultural heritage and unique perspectives. A collection of 41 lesson plans for elementary, intermediate and secondary levels have been developed in partnership with Statistics Canada. Several of these lesson plans use Canada's Census to explore the theme of Migration: The Human Journey.

Pavilion Lake Research Project lesson plans Pavilion Lake Research Project
Located 420 kilometres northeast of Vancouver, BC and nestled between the limestone cliffs of Marble Canyon, the picturesque, turquoise waters of Pavilion Lake are a stark contrast to the desolate, barren lunar landscape. Yet each summer, teams of astrobiologists and Earth scientists set up camp at the remote lake in hopes of learning more about exploring the Moon and Mars, and delving further into the origins of life on Earth and elsewhere in our solar systems. The Pavilion Lake Research Project is supported by the Canadian Space Agency and NASA. Use these classroom resources to explore the work of the Pavilion Lake Research Team.

The Canadian Football League classroom activities The Canadian Football League classroom activities
Canadian Geographic Education is pleased to bring you 13 new classroom activities that highlight the geography of football. In addition to the new bilingual activities, working with the Canadian Football League (CFL) enabled Canadian Geographic’s October 2012 issue to take a deeper look at what makes the CFL uniquely Canadian. Help celebrate the presentation of Grey Cup 100 by bring some CFL spirit into your classroom this fall.
Horizon 2067 Canada’s Capital: Horizon 2067
Canadian Geographic Education , in collaboration with the National Capital Commission (NCC), is pleased to present a set of bilingual, ready-to-use lesson plans about Canada’s Capital Region for the intermediate level. These curriculum-linked lesson plans are designed to spark students’ interest and enrich their understanding of the role and features of their national capital. Through engaging activities that build on the links between their own experiences and communities and the Capital, students will explore the Capital’s waterways, landmarks and green spaces and will learn about its national and international roles.
Canada: Our Nation, Environment and People Canada: Our Nation, Environment and People
Classroom lesson plans have been prepared for topics featured in The Canadian Atlas Online by teacher-members of Can Geo Education. The 36 lesson plans are categorized by province and by grade level (middle school – grades 6 to 8, and secondary school – grades 9 to 12). They are also listed by topic.

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